BUY NOW For Sale 70%!
buy viagra

Pseudomonas ciprofloxacin treatment for prostatitis

Slideshows Images Quizzes

home > consumer: ciprofloxacin (cipro) article

font size

A

A

A

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • Next

Ciprofloxacin

Medical and Pharmacy Editor:

Brand Name: Cipro, Cipro XR, ProQuin XR

Generic Name: Ciprofloxacin

Drug Class: Fluoroquinolones

What Is Ciprofloxacin and How Does It Work?

Ciprofloxacin is used to treat a variety of bacterial infections. Ciprofloxacin belongs to a class of drugs called quinolone antibiotics. It works by stopping the growth of bacteria.

This antibiotic treats only bacterial infections. It will not work for virus infections (such as common cold, flu). Unnecessary use or overuse of any antibiotic can lead to its decreased effectiveness.

Ciprofloxacin is available under the following different brand names: Cipro, Cipro XR, and ProQuin XR.

Susceptible organisms

  • Aeromonas hydrophila, Bacillus anthracis, Bacteroides fragilis, Campylobacter jejuni, Citrobacter freundii, Citrobacter diversus, Enterobacter cloacae, Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Haemophilus ducreyi, Haemophilus influenzae, Haemophilus parainfluenzae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Legionella pneumophila, Morganella morganii, Moraxella catarrhalis, certain mycobacteria, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Proteus mirabilis, Providencia spp, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhi, Serratia spp, Shigella spp, methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA), Staphylococcus epidermis, Staphylococcus saprophyticus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Vibrio cholerae, Yersinia enterocolitica
  • First-line therapy: B anthracis, C freundii, C jejuni, Enterobacter spp, Hafnia alvei, S typhi, Salmonella spp, Shigella spp; no unanimity on others (e.g., K pneumoniae, M morganii, V cholerae, Y enterocolitica)

Dosage of Ciprofloxacin:

Adult and Pediatric Dosage Forms and Strengths

Infusion solution

  • 200 mg/100mL
  • 200 mg/20mL
  • 400 mg/40mL
  • 400 mg/200mL

Oral suspension

  • 250 mg/5mL
  • 500 mg/5mL

Tablet

  • 100 mg (adult only)
  • 250 mg
  • 500 mg
  • 750 mg

Tablet, extended release

  • 500 mg
  • 1000 mg

Dosage Considerations – Should be Given as Follows:

Acute Sinusitis

  • Mild/moderate: 500 mg orally every 12 hours or 400 mg intravenously (IV) every 12 hours for 10 days
  • Limitations-of-use: Reserve fluoroquinolones for patients who do not have other available treatment options for acute sinusitis

Bone and Joint Infections

  • Mild/moderate: 500 mg orally every 12 hours or 400 mg IV every 12 hours for 4-6 weeks or more
  • Severe/complicated: 750 mg orally every 12 hours or 400 mg IV every 8 hours for 4-6 weeks or more

Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis

  • Indicated for chronic bacterial prostatitis caused by Escherichia coli or Proteus mirabilis
  • Mild/moderate: 500 mg orally every 12 hours or 400 mg IV every 12 hours for 28 days

Infectious Diarrhea

  • Mild/moderate/severe: 500 mg orally every 12 hours for 5-7 days

Empirical Therapy in Febrile Neutropenic Patients

  • Severe: 400 mg IV every 8 hours for 7-14 days

Lower Respiratory Tract Infections

  • Mild/moderate: 500 mg orally every 12 hours or 400 mg IV every 12 hours for 7-14 days
  • Severe/complicated: 750 mg orally every 12 hours or 400 mg IV every 8 hours for 7-14 days
  • Limitations-of-use: Reserve fluoroquinolones for patients who do not have other available treatment options for acute bacterial exacerbation of chronic bronchitis

Nosocomial Pneumonia

  • Mild/moderate/severe: 400 mg IV every 8 hours for 10-14 days

Skin/Skin Structure Infections

  • Mild/moderate: 500 mg orally every 12 hours or 400 mg IV every 12 hours for 7-14 days
  • Severe/complicated: 750 mg orally every 12 hours or 400 mg IV every 8 hours for 7-14 days

Urinary Tract Infections

  • Acute uncomplicated: Immediate-release, 250 mg orally every 12 hours for 3 days; extended-release, 500 mg orally every 24 hours for 3 days
  • Mild/moderate: 250 mg orally every 12 hours or 200 mg IV every 12 hours for 7-14 days
  • Severe/complicated: 500 mg orally every 12 hours or 400 mg IV every 12 hours for 7-14 days
  • Complicated Urinary Tract Infections or Pyelonephritis in Children
  • Younger than 1 year: Safety and efficacy not established
  • 1 year or older (IV): 6-10 mg/kg every 8 hours; individual dose not to exceed 400 mg for 10-21 days
  • 1 year or older (oral): 10-20 mg/kg every 12 hours; individual dose not to exceed 750 mg every 12 hours for 10-21 days
  • Limitations-of-use: Reserve fluoroquinolones for patients who do not have other available treatment options for uncomplicated urinary tract infections

Urethral and Cervical Gonococcal Infections

  • Uncomplicated: 250-500 mg orally once

Cholera - Pediatric

  • Single dose: 30 mg/kg orally
  • Multiple doses: 30 mg/kg/day orally divided every 12 hours for 3 days

Anthrax Infection

  • Post-exposure therapy
  • Inhalation (prophylaxis/post-exposure): 500 mg orally every 12 hours or 400 mg IV every 12 hours for 60 days
  • Cutaneous: 500 mg orally every 12 hours or 400 mg IV every 12 hours for 60 days
  • Pediatric, Post-exposure therapy (Off-Label)
  • IV: 10 mg/kg every 12 hours for 60 days; individual dose not to exceed 400 mg
  • Oral: 15 mg/kg every 12 hours for 60 days; individual dose not to exceed 500 mg
  • Change antibiotic to amoxicillin as soon as penicillin susceptibility confirmed

Plague

  • Indication for treatment and prophylaxis of plague due to Yersinia pestis:
  • 500-750 mg orally every 12 hours x14 days, OR
  • 400 mg IV every 8-12 hours x 14 days
  • Indication for treatment and prophylaxis of plague due to Yersinia pestis in pediatric patients from birth to 17 years of age:
  • 15 mg/kg orally every 8-12 hours x10-21 days; not to exceed 500 mg/dose, OR
  • 10 mg/kg IV every 8-12 hours x 10-21 days; not to exceed 400 mg/dose

Bronchiectasis (Orphan)

  • Orphan indication sponsor
    • Aradigm Corporation, 3929 Point Eden Way, Hayward, CA 94545

Cystic Fibrosis, Pediatric (Off-label)

  • Oral: 40 mg/kg/day divided every 12 hours; not to exceed 2 g/day
  • IV: 20-30 mg/kg/day divided every 8-12 hours; not to exceed 1.2 g/day

Noncystic Fibrosis Bronchiectasis (Orphan)

  • Dry powder for inhalation: Orphan designation for patients with NCFB who suffer from frequent severe acute pulmonary bacterial exacerbations which lead to further inflammation, airway, and lung parenchyma damage
  • Sponsor: Bayer HealthCare

Dosage Modifications

Renal impairment

  • CrCl greater than 50 mL/min: Dose adjustment not necessary
  • CrCl 30-50 mL/min: 250-500 mg orally every 12 hours
  • CrCl less than 30 mL/min: Extended-release, 500 mg orally every 24 hours
  • CrCl 5-29 mL/min: 250-500 mg orally every 18 hours or 200-400 mg IV every 18-24 hours
  • Some clinicians suggest decreasing dose but not frequency of administration
  • Hemodialysis: 0.25-0.5 g orally every 12 hours or 0.2-0.4 g IV every 24 hours
  • Peritoneal dialysis: 0.25-0.5 g orally every 8 hours or 0.2-0.4 g IV every 24 hours

Dosing Considerations

  • ProQuin XR should be taken with a main meal, preferably evening meal
  • Cipro XR may be taken with or without meal; drink fluids liberally

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/30/2017


Next: What Are Side Effects Associated with Using Ciprofloxacin?




From WebMD Logo

Infectious Disease Resources
Featured Centers
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors

Health Solutions From Our Sponsors

RxList Home Drugs & Medications Slideshows Pill Identification Tool Vitamins, Herbs, & Dietary Supplements Images Diseases Symptom Checker Dictionary Quizzes
About RxList Consumer Contact RxList Terms of Use Privacy Policy Sponsor Policy Pharmaceutical Companies A-Z Site Map

WebMD Medscape Medscape Reference eMedicineHealth MedicineNetOnHealth BootsWebMD Medscape France Medscape Germany

Copyright © 2017 by RxList Inc. RxList does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. See additional information.


Source: http://www.rxlist.com/consumer_ciprofloxacin_cipro/drugs-condition.htm


BUY NOW For Sale 70%!
buy viagra

Treatment of Prostatitis - American Family Physician Cipro dosing in ckd symptoms

Pseudomonas ciprofloxacin treatment for prostatitis Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis Treatment Management
Pseudomonas ciprofloxacin treatment for prostatitis CIPRO I.V.(ciprofloxacin)For Intravenous Infusion
Pseudomonas ciprofloxacin treatment for prostatitis Ciprofloxacin: Side Effects, Dosages, Treatment
Pseudomonas ciprofloxacin treatment for prostatitis Pseudomonas aeruginosa - Antimicrobe
Pseudomonas ciprofloxacin treatment for prostatitis Ciprofloxacin 250mg - DailyMed
Pseudomonas ciprofloxacin treatment for prostatitis 5 main D-Mannose side effects and how. - Stop UTI forever
Akute Zystitis (Blasenentz ndung) C. diff (C. difficile Colitis Symptoms, Treatment Causes) CREMESP - Conselho Regional de Medicina do Estado de So Paulo Cipro (Ciprofloxacin Side Effects, Interactions, Warning) Cipro itching - MedHelp Ciprofloxacin use while Breastfeeding m
BUY NOW For Sale 70%!
buy viagra